Typography Rules for Beginners – 2023

The art of arranging letters and text in such a way that the copy is legible, clear, and visually appealing to the reader is known as typography. Typography is the use of font style, appearance, and structure to elicit specific emotions and convey specific messages. In a nutshell, typography is what makes the text come to life.

Why is typography important?

Typography is more than just selecting beautiful fonts: it is an essential component of user interface design. Good typography will create a strong visual hierarchy, provide graphic balance to the website, and set the overall tone for the product. Typography should guide and inform your users, improve readability and accessibility, and provide a positive user experience.

Brand recognition is enhanced by typography

Not only will good typography improve the personality of your website, but your visitors will subconsciously begin to associate the typeface featured on your site with your brand. Unique, consistent typography will assist you in establishing a strong user following, building trust with your users, and carrying your brand forward.

Decisions are influenced by typography

Typography has a significant impact on how users digest and perceive the information conveyed by text. Eye-catching type is far more persuasive than weak fonts that do not reinforce the text’s message.

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Typography holds the attention of the readers

Good typography can mean the difference between someone spending one minute or half an hour on your website. It’s critical that your website is visually stimulating and memorable, and typography plays a big part in that.


The shape and style of your letters and symbols are referred to as typeface. Fonts are classified as a type of typeface. A typeface is selected based on its style and readability. The following are the primary components of typeface:


This is the invisible line on which your text is resting. You should ensure that your copy is consistent with the baseline.

Height of the cap:

Cap height is the height of capital letters measured from the baseline.

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The x-height is the height of the body of the typeface’s lowercase letter.

Ascendants and descendants:

Ascenders are vertical strokes that rise above the baseline or cap height. Descenders are the downward vertical strokes that appear beneath the baseline.


The weight of a typeface or individual letter refers to its thickness. Weights include light, regular, medium, and bold.

Typography Basic Rules to Follow:

Typography is the fundamental component for making your text memorable, and it is especially important for graphic designers. It is critical for a viewer or reader to understand the writer’s point of view.

When a writer writes or a designer designs, the basic purpose of his design or writing must be clearly conveyed through the text, and typography using smart fonts plays an important role in this procedure.

Typography is used to create and shape content.

Changing the fonts and spaces in your text can make it more or less impactful.

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Starting from the basics

Making the right composition with precise vocabulary, specific spaces, and measurements is a good place to start. Make the text appealing while remaining simple.

Font communication

When using fonts and designing, keep your target audience in mind. It aids in connecting with others.

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Changing the spacing between letters/characters to make it more visually appealing. This makes the text both stylish and readable.

Fonts are limited

Fonts should not be used excessively. It appears cluttered because different fonts are used for different lines. It is sufficient to use two or three of them.

Keeping the Alignments in Mind

Making paragraphs justified or center-aligned can make them difficult to read. It should be avoided.

Establish a visual hierarchy.

You can emphasize certain parts of your text to be highlighted and others to be less highlighted comparatively.

Correct match of two fonts

When two different font styles are combined, they make an excellent impression.

Creating grids

Working with grids gives the design or text a harmonic and synchronized appearance.

The text must be readable

Make certain that the text you create is readable. Making the text too complex and over-designed confuses the reader.

Choose your colors carefully

For designers, choosing a font is even more important than choosing colors. A good color combination that makes the text readable will do the trick.

Typographic Principles

We can say that if content is king, typography is the king’s crown. Creative typography is essential for enhancing your content and providing more information to the reader at first glance. Typography principles and typography rules are similar. These are some of the elements that a person, particularly a designer, should consider for a successful outcome.

Choosing Fonts Wisely

There are two components to selecting fonts: choosing a typeface and selecting a specific font. A typeface is an entire family of specially designed fonts, whereas a font is a single design of a specific size and shape. Serif, Sans serif, and Monospace are all popular typefaces. Fontalic.com can also generate fonts in a variety of styles.

The font size

Font or text size and measurement are determined by the purpose for which it is used. Characters that you want to draw attention to should be larger in size, and so on.


The spacing between characters and line management are critical for making sentences readable.

Concentrate on Alignment

Correct alignment encourages the reader to read the text more carefully. Because most people begin reading from the left side, it is critical to align your text from the right side and to be consistent throughout.

Use proper grammar

The key to good writing is to use proper grammar. Typography comes later; first, make sure your grammar and vocabulary are correct.